His statement is unnecessary. In fact, the conditions that left dozens of people – including several children – piled up inside a truck, without water or proper ventilation, are not the sole responsibility of the President. America. It was a failure shared by many members in the region, including Governor of Texas it was he who made the dehumanization of the immigrant community a political recurring plot.
The details of the horrors in San Antonio also illustrate the downfall of Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador. According to the Mexican consul general in San Antonio, at least 27 of the immigrants died are Mexican. This revealing figure confirms a worrying trend: five stable, in which more Mexicans returned to Mexico than emigrated to the United States, Mexican migration northward has increased again.
During the 2018 presidential campaign and the early days of his presidency, López Obrador specifically promised that by the end of his administration in 2024, migration from Mexico would decrease, if not disappear. “People will work where they were born, close to their loved ones, to their environment, to their customs and culture,” he wrote in his campaign book. “No one, out of necessity, to alleviate his hunger and poverty, will be forced to leave his homeland.”
“When President López Obrador’s government started, we had 12 years of steady flow of migrants from Mexico to the United States and now we are four or five times higher than that,” said Tonatiuh Guillén Lopez, who is the first director of the exodus. tell me the policy for López Obrador. “The government has received a very low migration period and will be leaving in very high numbers.”
For Carlos Heredia, a professor at the Centro de Investigación y Docencia Economicas (CIDE) and an expert on migration, current migration trends stem from an increase in the number of Mexican migrants entering the United States, violence and in many regions of the country. and the national economy is in trouble. From 2020 to 2021, in the period of alarm surge in murders, numbers The number of people displaced by violence in Mexico quadrupled. Economy remaining stagnation. These factors combined make many people increasingly desperate to make the precarious journey to and across the border.
“There are not enough jobs created in Mexico,” says Heredia. Guillen agrees. “The number of Mexican deaths in Texas describes this re-enactment of the Mexican current,” he told me.
The Mexican government’s responsibility extends beyond its failure to stem the flow of Mexican migrants northward. The proliferation of trafficking networks, often operating with Punishment throughout Mexico and in the United States, are directly related to the San Antonio horrors. “Criminal organizations specializing in human trafficking have found more dangerous and brutal methods for those who want to go to the other side.” write Mexican journalist Carlos Puig. “And that includes piling them up in a trailer at 100 degrees.”
For migration expert Heredia, the Mexican government has “failed in almost everything” in its efforts to stop trafficking networks. In 2021, Mexican security officials report a 228% increase in human-smuggling crimes compared to 2020. “It’s an overwhelmingly lucrative business that has evaded containment, with anchors on both sides of the border.”
With the growing influx of migrants from Mexico and increasingly aggressive smuggling networks that do not hesitate to suffocate and torture dozens of people, the humanitarian crisis at the border will continue. For López Obrador, it could be an expensive setback.
In an interview at the beginning of his manager, Lopez Obrador muses: “The day will come in my government that Mexicans will not go to work in the United States, because they will have jobs and will be happy where they were born.” Dozens of Mexican bodies piled up inside that truck in the sweltering Texas heat was that promise, in the most tragic way possible.